Skip to main content

Allocentric and psychocentric

Coined by tourism researcher Plog (1974), these terms describe two types of personality. Psychocentric tourists are self-inhibiting, nervous, and non-adventurous; they often refuse to travel by air for psychological reasons rather than financial or other practical concerns. In comparison, allocentric tourists are outgoing, self-confident, and adventurous. Sometimes psychocentrics are also referred to as dependables and allocentrics as venturers (Plog 2001).

Psychocentric tourists prefer destinations which they can reach by car and select familiar destinations equipped with well-developed tourism amenities, such as hotels, family-type restaurants, and shops. They like comprehensive tour package with well-organized schedules; they expect foreigners to speak their home languages, and they have the habit of purchasing souvenirs. In contrast, allocentrics frequently and often fly to destinations. They prefer less-developed spots to crowded and typical places. They do not pay special...

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-01384-8_5
  • Chapter length: 2 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   729.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-319-01384-8
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout

References

  • Plog, S. 1974 Why Destination Areas Rise and Fall in Popularity. Cornell Hotel and Restaurant Administration Quarterly 14(4):55-58.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Plog, S. 1991 Leisure Travel: Making it a Growth Market…Again! New York: Wiley.

    Google Scholar 

  • Plog, S. 2001 Why Destination Areas Rise and Fall in Popularity: An Update of a Cornell Quarterly Classic. Cornell Hotel and Restaurant Administration Quarterly 42(3):13-24.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Toshiya Hashimoto .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2016 Springer International Publishing Switzerland

About this entry

Cite this entry

Hashimoto, T. (2016). Allocentric and psychocentric. In: Jafari, J., Xiao, H. (eds) Encyclopedia of Tourism. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-01384-8_5

Download citation