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Community-based tourism

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Community-based tourism is both an idea about and an approach to the development and planning of tourism. Its notion rests on the assumption that the success (and sustainability) of tourism requires the involvement of those who are affected by the development. Approaches to community-based tourism consider how and why those who are affected by tourism are (or should be) involved in its development. Broadly speaking, community-based tourism takes as its starting point a concern with the needs and desires of members of the host community.

Concept

Interest in community-based approaches to tourism development began as a response to concerns about the impacts of the industry on the social, environmental, political, and economic aspects of the host community. As Murphy (1985) and others have argued, tourism that is not supported by the local residents cannot last. While Murphy is often credited with making one of the most influential arguments for taking into account the views of members of...

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-01384-8_32
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References

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Correspondence to Heather Mair .

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© 2016 Springer International Publishing Switzerland

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Mair, H. (2016). Community-based tourism. In: Jafari, J., Xiao, H. (eds) Encyclopedia of Tourism. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-01384-8_32

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