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Sleep, Sleep Quality, and Aggression

A Narrative

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Handbook of Anger, Aggression, and Violence

Abstract

Sleep is a periodic and reversible state that occupies nearly one third of our life. Despite its importance for psychological and physical health being well known, its function is unclear and widely debated. Sleep deprivation can bring to immediate and long-term consequences such as reduction of cognitive functioning, higher propensity to psychiatric, metabolic, and cardiovascular diseases, and a possible overall increase in mortality. Sleep issues may also have detrimental effects on our behavior especially on its inhibition. A variety of studies highlighted that sleep loss may result in irritable mood, increased hostility, anger, aggression, and violence. The magnitude of this phenomenon may not be the same for all individuals. In particular, psychiatric patients and forensic populations may be more prone to an increase of aggression resulting in a higher rate of aggressive incidents. However, the relation between poor sleep and aggression is overall highly understudied.

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Abbreviations

EEG::

Electroencephalography

EMG::

Electromyography

EOG::

Electrooculography

fMRI::

(Functional magnetic resonance imaging)

MEQ::

Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire

NREM::

Non-REM sleep

Process C::

Circadian process of sleep-wake regulation

Process S::

Homeostatic process of sleep-wake regulation

PSG::

Polysomnography

PSQI::

Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index

PTSD::

Post-traumatic stress disorder

REM::

Rapid eye movements

SWS::

Slow-wave sleep

TST::

Total sleep time

vmPFC::

Ventromedial prefrontal cortex

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Correspondence to Alessandro Sarzetto .

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Sarzetto, A., Pacchioni, F., Moretti, G., Ave, C., Amoresano, L., Travaini, G. (2023). Sleep, Sleep Quality, and Aggression. In: Martin, C.R., Preedy, V.R., Patel, V.B. (eds) Handbook of Anger, Aggression, and Violence. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-31547-3_77

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