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Introduction to Abduction in Education and Human Sciences

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Handbook of Abductive Cognition


Studies on abduction in the field of Education and Human Sciences are recent. However, this does not mean that this concept has not been present in these disciplines. In the middle of the last century, abduction was a poorly defined tool to address various theoretical and practical problems. Usually, it has been introduced through Pragmatism. One of the main objectives of using this philosophical theory has been to define a meta-perspective that contemplates the social and cultural dimensions of inquiry. A relevant factor of abduction is that it articulates Pragmatism so that it is possible to consider how facts and values interrelate in human praxis and define reality. Focusing on society, a concern for converting individual action into a transformative tool that extends humanistic values appears. Science Education may have been the area most concerned with the relationship between Human Sciences and the Formal and Experimental Sciences. The underlying issue in these debates is that the project of educating and teaching individuals in society compels reflection on the various ways to achieve the goal such that both Human Sciences and Formal and Experimental Sciences are imbricated toward a usually prescriptive purpose: to improve the world. Abduction represents an ideal mechanism to explain the adaptation of knowledge to the circumstances of the learning subjects. The process of teaching requires synthesizing general issues to particular facts and, likewise, needs to be able to generalize particular facts to other resemblances to make them more comprehensible. For this reason, teaching models and methods must be in constant development and change. The present section aims to show the current status of the application of abduction in Education and Human Sciences in the light of Cognitive Science. With interest in defining different aspects of the mind and its interaction with the environment and other entities in the world, more and more discussions are emerging about the prescriptive forms of these relationships. These advances are providing tools to support theories about the social and cultural dimensions of being human.

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Correspondence to Alger Sans Pinillos .

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Sans Pinillos, A. (2023). Introduction to Abduction in Education and Human Sciences. In: Magnani, L. (eds) Handbook of Abductive Cognition. Springer, Cham.

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