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Elementary Multicultural Science Teacher Education

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International Handbook of Research on Multicultural Science Education

Abstract

To determine the issues and questions the field of elementary science teacher education has explored and investigated with regard to multicultural science education, we performed a broad search of the literature produced between 1990 and 2021 in science education and interdisciplinary journals in the USA and international. This systematic analysis and categorization of the field have the potential to facilitate much-needed communication between educators and researchers as well as between researchers themselves in advancing the work of multicultural education generally and multicultural science education specifically. From the review, there is additional research needed in multicultural elementary science teacher education, professional development, and science teaching to address the five dimensions of multicultural education for application in elementary education and to address questions related to knowledge construction, equity pedagogy, and (dis)empowering school cultural and social structure in both the USA and international contexts.

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Correspondence to Felicia Moore Mensah .

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Appendix

Appendix

We conducted separate searches focused on international journals in science education. Unfortunately, they did not yield any articles for inclusion in this review.

Science Educational International (SEI) by the International Council of Association for Science Education (ICASE)

  • Using the search keywords “multicultural” produced no articles. Then we searched using “elementary” and this yielded 15 articles. We did find two articles when using the term “culture.” Out of these 17 articles total, none of them focused on “elementary multicultural education.” The articles mainly focused on inquiry teaching, and teachers’ or students’ self-efficacy. For the two articles that focused on “culture,” one was on using a classroom assessment tool in a junior high school, and the other was a commentary from a videoconference. Second, we used the term “primary” instead of “elementary,” and this yielded 21 manuscripts. With a couple of repeats, none of these focused on “elementary multicultural education.” They primarily focused on interest in science, argumentation, conceptual change, motivation, affective and social factors, as well as teaching specific science concepts in the middle or secondary science classroom. SEI also had an archived volume from 1990–1998, which we downloaded, which was 1369 pages. The document was scanned, so it was not a searchable document. However, looking through the document, the entries are not empirical studies but short pieces covering a range of topics related to teaching and curriculum predominantly.

    Canadian Journal of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education

  • We used the search term “multicultural education,” which yielded 50 manuscripts, but in combination with “elementary education” and multicultural education” yielded 24 manuscripts. We also did a separate search of “primary and multicultural education” which yielded 28 manuscripts. We downloaded the citations, put them into an Excel spreadsheet with their links. We read the 52 abstracts and executive summaries. Excluding articles focused on technology, mathematics, and medicine, and removing duplicates, as well as commentaries, and studies focused on middle school, none fit the inclusion criteria for our review. None of the studies focused on elementary science and multicultural education.

    African Journal of Research in Mathematics, Science and Technology Education (AJRMSTE)

  • In the AJRMSTE journal [formerly known as the Journal of the Southern African Association for Research in Mathematics, Science and Technology Education (1997–2001)], we used the search terms “multicultural education” which yielded 19 articles, “elementary” and “multicultural education” yielded 6 articles and “multicultural education” and “primary” yielded 16 articles. After removing duplicates, we read the abstracts of 29 articles. The articles focused on argumentation, mathematics, technology, secondary classrooms, and Indigenous knowledge systems were a common focus of research. Still, none of these 29 studies focused on “elementary science and multicultural education.”

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Mensah, F.M., Chen, J.L. (2022). Elementary Multicultural Science Teacher Education. In: Atwater, M.M. (eds) International Handbook of Research on Multicultural Science Education. Springer International Handbooks of Education. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-83122-6_42

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