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Electrospinning of Cellulose Nanofibers for Advanced Applications

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Abstract

High surface area-to-volume ratio, manipulated porosity, and higher physical and mechanical performance of generated nanoscale fiber are some of the very known advantages of electrospinning process. Cellulose, a naturally abundant polymer with a long history of fiber manufacturing, doesn’t melt. So, it is inevitable to be processed directly from its solution which itself faces several challenges. In this chapter, two strategies – one- and two-step methods – for cellulose electrospinning are reviewed and discussed by comparing the electrospun cellulose nanofibers with the non-electrospun ones. We also have a look at electrospun cellulose blend nanofibers, either in a single fiber morphology or in core-shell ones. There is also a consideration on nanocomposites with a matrix of electrospun cellulose nanofibers.

In view of low density, biodegradability, strength, and hydrophilicity as some of the outstanding properties of electrospun cellulose nanofibers, a vast range of potential applications have been opened for them. One of the applications of cellulose and electrospun nanofiber morphology capabilities is in the biomedical field, exclusively tissue engineering, drug delivery, and antibacterial ones, due to their biocompatibility and non-toxicity. The electrospun cellulose nanofibers have also been attractive for food industries for the immobilization of bioactive substances, food packaging, or providing a controlled release of foods. Moreover, the textile industries as well as separation applications are other demanding fields (both as membranes or absorbents). In the last section of this chapter, utilizing electrospun cellulose nanofibers in these fields is discussed.

Keywords

  • Cellulose
  • Electrospinning
  • Nanofiber
  • Applications
  • Derivatives

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Rahmani, S., Khoubi-Arani, Z., Mohammadzadeh-Komuleh, S., Maroufkhani, M. (2021). Electrospinning of Cellulose Nanofibers for Advanced Applications. In: Barhoum, A. (eds) Handbook of Nanocelluloses. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-62976-2_14-1

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