Skip to main content

European Space Surveillance and Tracking Support Framework

Abstract

In order to safeguard European space infrastructure and contribute to global burden-sharing in the domain of Space Situational Awareness, the European Union set up a dedicated capability for Space Surveillance and Tracking (EU SST). Operational since 2016, EU SST employs a novel governance model that joins existing sensors of European Member States and provides collision avoidance, reentry and fragmentation analysis services to the European user community. This chapter provides an overview on the formation, internal governance, and operations of the current European Space Surveillance and Tracking Support Framework and offers a perspective on its future as part of the proposed EU space program.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-23210-8_104
  • Chapter length: 22 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   749.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-23210-8
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Hardcover Book
USD   799.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

References

  • Becker M (2019) Kein Krieg der Sterne, Internationale Politik, January/February 2019, 62–67

    Google Scholar 

  • Bieńkowska E (2019) Keynote speech at 35th space symposium, Colorado Springs, 10 April 2019. https://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_CLDR-19-2012_en.htm. Accessed 17 July 2019

  • Chatard-Moulin P (2013) Horizon 2020 work programme, horizon 2020 space information day, Brussels, 11 December 2013. European Commission, Brussels

    Google Scholar 

  • Chow T (2011) Space situational awareness sharing program. Secure World Foundation, Washington DC

    Google Scholar 

  • Commission of the European Communities (2003) Space: a new European frontier for an expanding union: an action plan for implementing the European space policy (white paper), COM(2003) 673. Commission of the European Communities, Brussels

    Google Scholar 

  • Council of the European Union (2011) High-level SSA civil-military use requirements.  European External Action Service, Brussels

    Google Scholar 

  • Council Resolution (2008) Taking forward the European space policy. Council of the European Union, Brussels

    Google Scholar 

  • Council Resolution (2010) Global challenges: taking full benefit of European space systems. Council of the European Union, Brussels

    Google Scholar 

  • de Selding PB (2015) A European space surveillance network inches forward. Spacenews, 17 June 2015 (online). https://spacenews.com/a-european-space-surveillance-network-inches-forward/. Accessed 17 July 2019

  • Dickow M (2015) The pursuit of collective autonomy? Europe’s autonomy in “space and security” lacks a joint vision. Al-Ekabi C (ed) European autonomy in space. Stud Space Policy 10:113–123

    Google Scholar 

  • Donath T, Schildknecht T, Martinot V, Del Monte L (2009) Possible European systems for space situational awareness. Acta Astronaut 66(2010):1378–1387

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • EDA (2010) EDA common staff target, 25 march 2010 (EDA SBD 2010–07). European Defence Agency, Brussels

    Google Scholar 

  • ESA (2008) Space situational awareness preparatory programme proposal ESA/C(2008)142. European Space Agency, Paris

    Google Scholar 

  • ESPI (2018) Security in outer space: rising stakes in Europe. European Space Policy Institute, Vienna

    Google Scholar 

  • European Commission (2013a) Proposal for a decision of the European parliament and of the council establishing a space surveillance and tracking support programme. European Commission, Brussels

    Google Scholar 

  • European Commission (2013b) Commission staff working document: impact assessment accompanying the document proposal for a decision of the European parliament and of the council establishing a space surveillance and tracking support programme, SWD(2013)55 final. European Commission, Brussels

    Google Scholar 

  • European Commission (2014a) Commission staff working document: overview of natural and man-made disaster risks in the EU SWD(2014) 134. European Commission, Brussels

    Google Scholar 

  • European Commission (2014b) Commission implementing decision of 12.9.2014 on the procedure for participation of the member states in the space surveillance and tracking support framework, C(2014)6342. European Commission, Brussels

    Google Scholar 

  • European Commission (2016) A space strategy for Europe, COM(2016) 705. European Commission, Brussels

    Google Scholar 

  • European Commission (2018a) Report from the commission to the European parliament and the council on the implementation of the space surveillance and tracking (SST) support framework (2014–2017), COM(2018)256. European Commission, Brussels

    Google Scholar 

  • European Commission (2018b) Proposal for a REGULATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL establishing the space programme of the union and the European Union Agency for the space programme. European Commission, Brussels

    Google Scholar 

  • European Parliament (2013) Initial appraisal of a European commission impact assessment: European commission proposal for a decision of the European parliament and of the council establishing a space surveillance and tracking support programme. European Parliament, Brussels

    Google Scholar 

  • European Parliament (2014) Position of the European parliament adopted at first reading on 2 April 2014 with a view to the adoption of decision no .../2014/EU of the European parliament and of the council establishing a framework for space surveillance and tracking support, EP-PE_TC1-COD(2013)0064, European Parliament, Brussels

    Google Scholar 

  • European Parliament and European Council (2014) Decision No 541/2014/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 April 2014 establishing a Framework for Space Surveillance and Tracking Support, Official Journal of the European Union, 27.5.2014, Brussels

    Google Scholar 

  • Flohrer T, Krag H (2017) Space surveillance and tracking in ESA’s SSA programme. In Proceedings of the 7th European conference on space debris, Darmstadt, 18–21 April 2017

    Google Scholar 

  • Gravier A, Faucher P (2018) EU Space surveillance & tracking support framework: a consortium of member states safeguarding European space infrastructure & orbital environment, IFRI conference: La sécurité de l'espace dans les années 2020: perspectives transatlantiques, 27 November 2018, Bruxelles

    Google Scholar 

  • Lal B, Balakrishnan A, Caldwell BM, Buenconsejo RS, Carioscia SA (2018) Global trends in space situational awareness (SSA) and space traffic management (STM). Institute for Defense Analysis, Washington D.C.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lewis P, Parakilas J, Schneider-Petsinger M, Smart C, Rathke J, Ruy D (2018) The future of the United States and Europe: an irreplaceable partnership. Chatham House and Center for Strategic & International Studies, London/Washington D.C.

    Google Scholar 

  • Marta LC (2015) The European space surveillance and tracking service at the crossroad. Def Ind 5:9–11

    Google Scholar 

  • Marta LC, Gasparini G (2008) Europe’s approach space situational awareness. In: Schrogl K-U, Mathieu C, Peter N (eds) Yearbook on space policy 2007/2008: from policies to programmes. Springer, New York, pp 138–151

    Google Scholar 

  • Mazurelle F, Wouters J, Thiebaut W (2009) The evolution of European space governance: policy, legal and institutional implications. Int Organ Law Rev 6:155–189

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • McCormick PK (2013) Space debris: conjunction opportunities and opportunities for international cooperation. Sci Public Policy 40(6):801–813

    MathSciNet  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • McCormick PK (2015) Space situational awareness in Europe: the fractures and the federative aspects of European space efforts. Astropolitics 13:43–64

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Monham A (2018) Securing EUMETSAT’s mission from an evolving space environment 12th ESPI autumn conference, 27–28 September 2018. European Space Policy Institute, Vienna

    Google Scholar 

  • Nardon L (2007) Space situational awareness and international policy (document de travail 14). l'Institut français des relations internationals (IFRI), Paris

    Google Scholar 

  • Pagkratis S (2011) European space activities in the global context. In: Schrogl KU, Pagkratis S, Baranes B (eds) Yearbook on space policy 2009/2010: space for society. ESPI/Springer, Vienna, pp 2–132

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Pasco X (2008) Study on suitable governance and data policy models for a European Space Situational Awareness (SSA) system. Fondation pour la Recherche Stratégique, Paris

    Google Scholar 

  • Pasco X (2009) A European approach to space security. American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Cambridge, MA

    Google Scholar 

  • Pellegrino M, Stang G (2016) Space security for Europe. EUISS report no. 29, July 2016. EU Institute for Security Studies, Paris

    Google Scholar 

  • Robinson J (2011) Space security for the transatlantic partnership: conference report and analysis, report 38, November 2011. European Space Policy Institute (ESPI), Vienna

    Google Scholar 

  • Rovetto RJ, Kelso TS (2016) Preliminaries of a space situational awareness ontology, advances in the astronautical sciences, preprint AAS 16–510

    Google Scholar 

  • SPASEC (2005) Report of the panel of experts on space and security (issue 1.12). European Commission, Brussels

    Google Scholar 

  • Tortora JJ (2019) Space traffic management: a long way ahead. J Space Saf Eng 6(2):69

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • US Air Force (2019) Multinational statement for combined space operations, 10 April 2019 (online). https://www.afspc.af.mil/News/Article-Display/Article/1810793/multinational-statement-for-combined-space-operations/. Accessed 17 July 2019

  • US Strategic Command (2019) USSTRATCOM, polish space agency sign agreement to share space services, data, US strategic command public affairs, 11 April 2019, https://www.stratcom.mil/Media/News/News-Article-View/Article/1811729/usstratcom-polish-space-agency-sign-agreement-to-share-space-services-data/. Accessed 17 July 2019

  • Veclani AC, Sartori N, Battisti E, Darnis JP, Cesca E (2014) Space, sovereignty and European security: building European capabilities in an advanced institutional framework. Directorate-General for External Policies, European Parliament, Brussels

    Google Scholar 

  • Via Satellite (2015) Five European countries sign space surveillance and tracking agreement, satellite today, 17 June 2015 (online), https://www.satellitetoday.com/government-military/2015/06/17/five-european-countries-sign-space-surveillance-and-tracking-agreement/. Accessed 4 July 2019

  • Vittet-Philipp P, Savova T (2012) International research update, issue 23, Brussels. European Commission, Brussels

    Google Scholar 

  • West J (2018) Space security index 2018. Project Ploughshares, Waterloo

    Google Scholar 

  • Whitehouse (2018) Space policy directive-3, national space traffic management policy. Office of the President of the United States, Washington DC

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Regina Peldszus .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this entry

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this entry

Peldszus, R., Faucher, P. (2020). European Space Surveillance and Tracking Support Framework. In: Schrogl, KU. (eds) Handbook of Space Security. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-23210-8_104

Download citation