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Microplastic Pollution and Reduction Strategies


Due to the fact that microplastics are a global environmental problem, clarity about microplastic pollution, its entry path and distribution, its behavior in ecosystem, and its influence on human life is important to setting political restrictions and promoting efficient reduction strategies.

During the last two decades, the scientific community started their intensive work in different fields of microplastic research. In this book chapter, we focus on the overview of the current state of knowledge about microplastic pollution in the environment and entry paths. Additionally, we present fields of application in which the removal of microplastics from water is necessary or useful. We divide our results into two parts. Part A summarizes the state of political measures and regulations. In Part B, we present end-of-pipe technological solutions analyzing the state of the art concerning an overall particle elimination. In addition to the state of the art, we focus on new innovative strategies. Here, microorganismic effect and agglomeration-fixation reaction are most promising, because they do not need high investment costs or complicated technological systems.

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Correspondence to Katrin Schuhen .

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© 2021 Springer Nature Switzerland AG

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Schuhen, K., Sturm, M.T. (2021). Microplastic Pollution and Reduction Strategies. In: Rocha-Santos, T., Costa, M., Mouneyrac, C. (eds) Handbook of Microplastics in the Environment. Springer, Cham.

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-10618-8

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-030-10618-8

  • eBook Packages: Springer Reference Chemistry & Mat. ScienceReference Module Physical and Materials Science

Chapter History

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    Microplastic Pollution and Reduction Strategies
    01 November 2020


  2. Original

    Microplastic Pollution and Reduction Strategies
    16 June 2020