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Kingsford, Anna


Dr. Anna Kingsford was a women’s rights activist, vegetarian, theosophist, and one of the first women to obtain a medical degree. She published and lectured widely on animal rights, women’s health, and religion.


Dr. Anna Kingsford was a women’s rights activist, vegetarian, theosophist, and one of the first women to obtain a medical degree. She was born as Annie Bonus on September 16, 1846, in Essex, England. Her mother was Elizabeth Ann Schroder and her father, John Bonus, ran a successful shipping business. She published her first book, Beatrice: A Tale of the Early Christians, when she was only 13. She married her cousin Algernon Godfrey Kingsford, an Anglican clergyman, in 1867 when she was 21 and gave birth to a daughter the following year.

Kingsford inherited money from her father and purchased The Lady’s Own Paper: A Journal of Progress, Taste, and Artin 1872. Serving as editor of the journal she came into contact with many important authors and...


  • Kingsford, Anna
  • Anti-Vivisection
  • Vegetarianism
  • Theosophy
  • Medicine
  • Women’s Rights

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  • Blavatsky, Helena Petrovna. 1888. The Late Mrs. Anna Kingsford. Lucifer II (7): 78–79.

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  • Gates, Barbara T. 1998. Kindred Nature: Victorian and Edwardian women embrace the living world. University of Chicago Press.

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  • Hart, Samuel Hopgood. 1931. Anna Kingsford and Vegetarianism. Vegetarian Messenger & Health Review: 106.

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  • Kingsford, Anna. 1863. Beatrice. London: Joseph Masters.

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  • ———. 1889. Clothed with the sun. London: John M. Watkins.

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  • ———. 1908. Dreams and dream stories, ed. Edward Maitland. London: John M. Watkins.

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  • ———. 1886. Health, beauty, and the toilet: Letters to ladies from a lady doctor. London: Frederick Warne & Co.

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  • ———. 1881. The perfect way in diet: A treatise advocating a return to the natural and ancient food of our race. London: Kegan Paul, Trench & Co.

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  • Kingsford, Anna, and Edward Maitland. 1912. Addresses and essays on vegetarianism. London: John H. Watters.

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  • ———. 1882. The perfect way; or, The finding of Christ. London.

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  • Lansbury, Coral. 1985. The old Brown dog: Women, workers, and vivisection in Edwardian England. University of Wisconsin Press.

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  • Maitland, Edward. 1913. The life of Anna Kingsford. London: Macmillan.

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  • Nash, John F. 2012. Anna Bonus Kingsford (1846–1888). The Esoteric Quarterly Winter: 76–78.

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  • Rappaport, Helen. 2001. Kingsford, Anna. In Encyclopedia of women social reformers, vol. 364. ABC-CLIO.

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  • Recarte, Claudia Alonso. 2014. Anti-French discourse in the nineteenth-century British antivivisection movement. Atlantis 36 (1): 31–49.

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Correspondence to Melissa Purdue .

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Purdue, M. (2022). Kingsford, Anna. In: Scholl, L., Morris, E. (eds) The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Victorian Women's Writing. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.

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