Skip to main content

Hebrew in the Daily Life of Israelis

  • 224 Accesses

Abstract

Hebrew is the everyday language of Israel. Its revival as a spoken language, which took place over the past 150 years, is considered by many a miracle. However, the route to the adoption of Hebrew was not straightforward as it fought off opposition from other languages, especially Yiddish, to become the premier language of the Zionist project. Today, despite the presence of a million and a half Arabic speakers and over a million Russian speakers, its main competition comes from English, the current global lingua franca. Notwithstanding, Hebrew can be seen and heard everywhere – from radio and television, through newspapers and magazines, to place names, street signs, and store fronts.

Keywords

  • Hebrew
  • Israel
  • Language revival
  • Immigration
  • Place names

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-02438-3_125
  • Chapter length: 18 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   899.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-02438-3
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Hardcover Book
USD   1,099.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3

References

  • Azaryahu, M. (2012a). Rabin’s road: The politics of toponymic commemoration of Yitzhak Rabin in Israel. Political Geography, 31, 73–82.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Azaryahu, M. (2012b). Hebrew, Arabic, English: The politics of multilingual street signs in Israeli cities. Social and Cultural Geography, 13(5), 461–479.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Azaryahu, M., & Golan, A. (2001). (Re)naming the landscape: The formation of the Hebrew map of Israel 1949–1960. Journal of Historical Geography, 27(2), 178–195.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Benor, S. B. (2008). Towards a new understanding of Jewish language in the twenty-first century. Religion Compass, 2/6, 1062–1080.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Ben-Rafael, E. (1994). Language, identity and social division: The case of Israel. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • CBS. (2017). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. http://www.cbs.gov.il/www/population/805/im_new2015.pdf.

  • Cohen, S. B., & Kliot, N. (1981). Israel’s place-names as reflection of continuity and change in nation-building. Names, 29(3), 227–248.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Dor, D. (2004). From Englishization to imposed multilingualism: Globalization, the internet, and the political economy of the linguistic code. Public Culture, 16(1), 97–118.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Ehrman, J. (2011). The Dreyfus affair: Enduring CI lessons. Studies in Intelligence, 55(1), 21–30.

    Google Scholar 

  • Gade, D. W. (2003). Language, identity and the scriptorial landscape in Quebec and Catalonia. Geographical Review, 93(4), 428–448.

    Google Scholar 

  • Giles, J. (2005). Internet encyclopaedias go head to head. Nature, 438, 900–901.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Halperin, L. R. (2012). Modern Hebrew, Esperanto, and the Quest for a Universal Language. Jewish Social Studies: History, Culture, Society, 19(1), 1–33.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Harris, R. (2013). An officer and a spy. London: Hutchinson.

    Google Scholar 

  • Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs. (1948). Declaration of Establishment of State of Israel. Available at http://www.mfa.gov.il/mfa/foreignpolicy/peace/guide/pages/declaration%20of%20establishment%20of%20state%20of%20israel.aspx. Accessed May 5, 2018.

  • Nevo, N. (2011). Hebrew language in Israel and the diaspora. In H. Miller, L. Grant, & A. Pomson (Eds.), International handbook of Jewish education, International handbooks of religion and education (Vol. 5, pp. 419–440). Dordrecht: Springer.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Ornan, U. (1984). Hebrew in Palestine before and after 1882. Journal of Semitic Studies, 29(2), 225–254.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Rosenthal, R. (2007). On the future of Hebrew: Five areas of concern. In N. Nevo & E. Olshtain (Eds.), The Hebrew language in the era of globalization, Studies in Jewish Education (Vol. XII, pp. 179–191). Jerusalem: Magnes press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Safran, W. (2005). Language and nation-building in Israel: Hebrew and its rivals. Nations and Nationalism, 11(1), 43–63.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Schama, S. (2017). Belonging: The story of the Jews, 1492–1900. London: Bodley Head.

    Google Scholar 

  • Schwarzwald (Rodrigue), O. (2007). Trends in modern Hebrew. In N. Nevo & E. Olshtain (Eds.), The Hebrew language in the era of globalization, Studies in Jewish Education (Vol. XII, pp. 59–81). Jerusalem: Magnes Press (In Hebrew).

    Google Scholar 

  • Shohamy, E. (1989). Hebrew curriculum in Jewish schools. In E. Olshtain, D. Zisenwein, & E. Shohamy (Eds.), Hebrew as a unifying force in Jewish education in the diaspora (pp. 45–54). Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv University Publishing (In Hebrew).

    Google Scholar 

  • Shohamy, E. (2008). At what cost? Methods of language revival and protection: Examples from Hebrew. In K. A. King, N. Schilling-Estes, J. J. Lou, L. Fogle, & B. Soukup (Eds.), Sustaining linguistic diversity: Endangered and minority languages and language varieties (pp. 205–218). Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Spolsky, B. (2001). Language in Israel: Policy, practice, and ideology. In J. E. Alatis & A.-H. Tan (Eds.), Language in our time: Bilingual education and official English, ebonics and standard English, immigration and the Unz initiative (pp. 164–174). Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Williams, C. H. (2017). The lightening veil: Language revitalization in Wales. Review of Research in Education, 38(1), 242–272.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Yehoshua, A.B.. (2018, April 20), Time to say goodbye to the two-state solution. Here’s the alternative. HaAretz.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Stanley Waterman .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this entry

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this entry

Waterman, S. (2020). Hebrew in the Daily Life of Israelis. In: Brunn, S., Kehrein, R. (eds) Handbook of the Changing World Language Map. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-02438-3_125

Download citation