Encyclopedia of Heart Diseases

2011 Edition
| Editors: M. Gabriel Khan

Arteriosclerosis

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-60761-219-3_18

Overview

There has been much confusion in the use of the terms arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis. Arteriosclerosis is a diffuse lesion, which often affects long segments of the arterial tree in which there is usually a combination of hypertrophic and fibrous changes in the entire thickness of all layers of the arterial wall. The  media and  adventitia are commonly affected by this disease process. Atherosclerosis is the term used for atheroma of arteries. It is typically patchy with a focal lesion of the  intima and media with degeneration and formation of plaques of atheroma, which protrude into the lumen of the vessel obstructing the flow of blood ( Atherosclerosis/Atheroma).

Hypertensive Arteriosclerosis

Prolonged hypertension causes the walls of the affected arteries to become firmer and thicker, and the lumen is often wider than normal. Arteries appear to be generally enlarged and become somewhat tortuous. These changes can be seen especially in the retinal arteries...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Bibliography

References

  1. Buerger L (1908) Thrombo-angiitis obliterans: a study of the vascular lesions leading to presenile spontaneous gangrene. Am J Med Sci 136:567–580Google Scholar
  2. Lie JT (1989) The rise and fall and resurgence of thromboangiitis obliterans (Buerger’s disease). Acta Pathol Jpn 39:153–158PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Olin JW (1994) Thromboangiitis obliterans. Curr Opin Rheumatol 6:44–49PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Olin JW (2000) Thromboangiitis obliterans (Buerger's disease). N Engl J Med 343:864–869PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. von Winiwarter F (1879) Ueber eine eigenthümliche Form von Endarteriitis und Endophlebitis mit Gangrän des Fusses. Arch Klin Chir 23:202–226Google Scholar

Suggested Reading

  1. Boda Z, Udvardy M, Razso K et al (2009) Stem cell therapy: a promising and prospective approach in the treatment of patients with severe Buerger's disease. Clin Appl Thromb Hemost 15:552–560PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Piazza G, Mark A Creager (2010) Thromboangiitis obliterans. Circulation 121:1858–1861PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2011