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Application of Ionic Liquids in Separation and Fractionation Processes

  • Reference work entry
  • First Online:
Green Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
  • Originally published in
  • R. A. Meyers (ed.), Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology,

Glossary

Aqueous biphasic systems:

Liquid-liquid systems formed by two water-soluble components dissolved in water, which above given concentrations form two phases.

Biorefinery:

Facility with integrated processes to convert biomass into energy, fuels, materials, and commodity and value-added chemicals.

Green chemistry:

Concept addressing the design of chemical products and processes aiming at reduce or eliminate the use and generation of hazardous substances.

Ionic liquids:

Low melting temperature salts, composed of organic cations and organic/inorganic anions.

Natural products:

Compounds that can be obtained from biomass.

Solid-liquid extraction:

Process in which a solvent is added to solid biomass samples in order to extract target compounds.

Definition of the Subject

Research on the extraction and separation of value-added products from biomass has been a hot topic in the framework of biorefinery aiming a sustainable conversion of biomass into chemicals, materials, energy, and...

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Acknowledgments

This work was developed within the scope of the project CICECO-Aveiro Institute of Materials, POCI-01-0145-FEDER-007679 (FCT Ref. UID/CTM/50011/2013), and project MultiBiorefinery (POCI-01-0145-FEDER-016403), financed by national funds through the FCT/MEC and when appropriate co-financed by FEDER under the PT2020 Partnership Agreement. E.V. Capela also acknowledges FCT for his PhD grant (SFRH/BD/126202/2016). M.G. Freire acknowledges the European Research Council (ERC) for the Starting Grant ERC-2013-StG-3377.

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Capela, E.V., Coutinho, J.A.P., Freire, M.G. (2019). Application of Ionic Liquids in Separation and Fractionation Processes. In: Han, B., Wu, T. (eds) Green Chemistry and Chemical Engineering. Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology Series. Springer, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-9060-3_1005

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