Encyclopedia of Social Network Analysis and Mining

2018 Edition
| Editors: Reda Alhajj, Jon Rokne

R&D Networks

  • Jan Kratzer
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-7131-2_372


Design Structure Matrix (DSM)

Symmetric matrix that indicates the links/interfaces between decomposed product components

Hierarchical Decomposition

Methods to decompose products in to components and subcomponents following product hierarchies

Systematic Variation

Method that refers to the search for and combination of solutions to design subproblems


Method that refers to the evaluation and selection of alternative solutions and the understanding that searches should not be focused on finding the optimal solution


Method that refers to a step-by-step, yet iterative, approach to the product development process

Lead User

Person who are ahead of trends and develop and/or modify for their own benefit new products and processes


Perhaps the first attempts to characterize industrial organizations as networks were contained in the records of the Hawthorne Experiments. Shortly later, the analytic tools to scientifically engage in networks were...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Technical University BerlinBerlinGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • Jacob Dijkstra
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Sociology, Interuniversity Center for Social Science Theory and MethodologyUniversity of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands