Encyclopedia of Social Network Analysis and Mining

2018 Edition
| Editors: Reda Alhajj, Jon Rokne


  • Thomas Gottron
  • Steffen Staab
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-7131-2_114



Resource Description Framework


RDF Schema


Uniform Resource Identifier


The Resource Description Framework (RDF) provides a model for representing data. Its background is set historically in a web environment where it is used for representing information in a device- and platform-independent way. The data model of RDF corresponds to a directed, labelled graph. Technically RDF consists of several W3C recommendations which define its concepts and abstract syntax (Klyne and Carroll). Work on the RDF 1.1 specifications has commenced and reached a draft status at W3C (Cyganiak and Wood).

The core idea of RDF is to represent “things” by URIs. Information is provided by statements about the things and statements are expressed as triples. These triples consist of a subject, a predicate, and an object and express that the subject is in a certain relation (identified by the predicate) with the object. The relations between things can be interpreted and represented...

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  1. Beckett D (2004) RDF/XML syntax specification (Revised). http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210/. Accessed 19 Aug 2013
  2. Beckett D (2013) N-Triples. http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-n-triples-20130409/. Accessed 19 Aug 2013
  3. Beckett D, Berners-Lee T (2013) Eric Prud’hommeaux and Gavin Carothers. Turtle. http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/CR-turtle-20130219/. Accessed 19 Aug 2013
  4. Berners-Lee T, Connolly D (2011) Notation3 (N3): a readable RDF syntax. http://www.w3.org/TeamSubmission/2011/SUBM-n3-20110328/. Accessed 19 Aug 2013
  5. Brickley D, Guha RV (2004) RDF vocabulary description language 1.0: RDF Schema. http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-schema-20040210/. Accessed 19 Aug 2013
  6. Cyganiak R, Wood D. RDF 1.1 concepts and abstract syntax (W3C last call working draft 23 July 2013). http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/WD-rdf11-concepts-201307-23/. Accessed 19 Aug 2013
  7. Klyne G, Carroll JJ. Resource description framework (RDF): concepts and abstract syntax. http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-concepts-20040210/. Accessed 19 Aug 2013

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Web Science and TechnologiesUniversität Koblenz-LandauKoblenzGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • Thomas Gottron
    • 1
  • Stefan Schlobach
    • 2
  • Steffen Staab
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute for Web Science and TechnologiesUniversität Koblenz-LandauKoblenzGermany
  2. 2.YUAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Institute for Web Science and Technologies – WeSTUniversity of Koblenz-LandauKoblenzGermany