Encyclopedia of Social Network Analysis and Mining

2018 Edition
| Editors: Reda Alhajj, Jon Rokne

Cloud Computing

  • Stefan Tai
  • David Bermbach
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-7131-2_105

Synonyms

Glossary

API

Application programming interface

Economies of scale

Reduction in resource cost as the size of the resource pool and its usage level increases

IT

Information technology

Resource

Software, data, and infrastructure of interest to the system under consideration

Scalability

The quality and ability of a system to handle variable load without impact on user experience

Service

A network-accessible resource

Virtualization

A logical abstraction over physical reality

Definition

In cloud computing, elastic pools of virtualized, configurable IT resources are provided as services that can be accessed over a network and used on demand. Providers of resources can achieve higher utilization by allowing multiple tenants to use their resources, thereby achieving provider-side economies of scale. Consumers of resources benefit from a convenient, self-service, on-demand model of allocating and de-allocating resources...

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References

  1. Armbrust M et al (2009) Above the clouds: a Berkeley view of cloud computing, Technical report, UCB/EECS-2009–28. University of California, BerkeleyGoogle Scholar
  2. Baun C et al (2011) Cloud computing: web-based dynamic IT-services. Springer, New YorkzbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bermbach D, Tai S (2014) Benchmarking eventual consistency: lessons learned from long-term experimental studies. In: Proceedings of the 2nd IEEE international conference on cloud engineering. Boston, MAGoogle Scholar
  4. Bermbach D, Wittern E, Tai S (2017) Cloud service benchmarking: measuring quality of cloud services from a client perspective. Springer, Cham. ISBN: 978-3-319-55483-9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Kurze T et al (2011) Cloud federation. In: Proceedings of the second international conference on cloud computing, GRIDs and virtualization, Rome, p 32–38Google Scholar
  6. Mel P, Grance T (2009) The NIST definition of cloud computing. National Institute of Standards and Technology csrc.nist.gov/publications/nistpubs/800-145/sp800-145.pdf
  7. Tanenbaum AS, Van Steen M (2007) Distributed systems: principles and paradigms, 2nd edn. Pearson Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, pp 273–318zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  8. Vogels W (2009) Eventually consistent. Commun ACM 52:40–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Information Systems Engineering Research Group, Fakultät IV Elektrotechnik und InformatikTU BerlinBerlinGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • Thomas Gottron
    • 1
  • Stefan Schlobach
    • 2
  • Steffen Staab
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute for Web Science and TechnologiesUniversität Koblenz-LandauKoblenzGermany
  2. 2.YUAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Institute for Web Science and TechnologiesUniversität Koblenz-LandauKoblenzGermany