Contains many parts that interact together. This object can be a mathematical abstraction, but it can also be a real entity, something one can stimulate, observe, or interact with in some other way. Examples: The living cell harbors one million reactions per second. Taken together, the reacting molecules form a system (from a dynamical point of view a rather complicated one); A rock made of atoms is a system (though much simpler than a cell).
- Dynamical system
A system that can evolve in time according to a specific set of rules. The time can be either discrete (abrupt changes at specific time instances) or continuous (smooth changes). Without the loss of generality, for simplicity reasons, only deterministic systems will be discussed (no stochastic dynamics).
- Configuration or state of the system
The most detailed description of a dynamical system at a given time instance. The appropriate level of such a description depends on what the system is used for. For example, to...
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Books and Reviews
- Konkoli (2016); Joslin (2006); Kirby (2009); Boyd and Chua (1985); Putnam (1988); Ladyman (2009)Google Scholar