Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

Biohydrogen Production from Agricultural Residues

  • Emmanuel Koukios
  • Ioannis (John) A. Panagiotopoulos
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-2493-6_949-1



Homopolysaccharide composed of D-glucose units linked to each other via β-(1,4) glycosidic bonds

Dark fermentation

Biological hydrogen production process when the organic compounds constitute the sole carbon and energy source providing metabolic energy


Tendency of a pretreated raw material to improve or inhibit fermentation.


Heteropolysaccharides composed of different sugar units, the major hemicelluloses being xylans, arabinans, mannans and galactans.

Hydrogen productivity

mmol hydrogen per L culture medium and h of fermentation

Hydrogen yield

Molar amount of hydrogen divided by the molar amount of consumed hexose equivalent (mol hydrogen/mol hexose)


Compounds which have toxic effects on the fermenting microorganisms, thus decreasing hydrogen yield and productivity


Process used for the release of fermentable sugars from biomass - typically followed by enzymatic hydrolysis

Definition of the Subject


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emmanuel Koukios
    • 1
  • Ioannis (John) A. Panagiotopoulos
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Synthesis and Development of Industrial ProcessesSchool of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of AthensAthensGreece
  2. 2.Elin Biofuels SAAthensGreece

Section editors and affiliations

  • Timothy E. Lipman
    • 1
  1. 1.TSRCUniversity of California BerkeleyBerkeleyUSA