Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

WTE, Hitachi Zosen Inova Moving Grate and Anaerobic Digestion Technologies

  • Peter Chromec
  • Seda Sevaioglu Macher
  • Craig Kedrowski
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-2493-6_398-3

Glossary

ACS

Auxiliary control systems

BAT

Best available techniques

CEMS

Continuous emission monitoring system

CFD

Computational fluid dynamics

CCS

Combustion control system

CCS+

Enhanced combustion control system

CNG

Compressed natural gas

DCS

Distributed control system

ECS

Equipment control systems

EfW

Energy from waste (synonym to WTE = waste to energy)

EPC

Engineering, procurement, and construction

FGT

Flue gas treatment

GfR

HZI grate for riddlings

HHV

Higher heating value

HPS

High-pressure steam

HZI

Hitachi Zosen Inova AG

LEAP

HZI low excess air process

LHV

Lower heating value

LPS

Low-pressure steam

LRD

Load range diagram (or combustion diagram)

MSW

Municipal solid waste

O&M

Operation and maintenance

PtG

Power to gas

POP

Persistent organic pollutants

RDF

Refuse drive fuel

SCC

Secondary combustion chamber

SCNG

Synthetic compressed natural gas

SCR

Selective catalytic reduction

SNCR

Selective non-catalytic reduction

TOC

Total organic carbon

VOC

Volatile organic carbon: concentration...

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Bibliography

  1. 1.
    Kjeldsen P, Barlaz MA, Rooker AP, Baun A, Ledin A, Christensen TH (2002) Present and long-term composition of MSW landfill leachate: a review. Crit Rev Environ Sci Technol 32(4):297–336CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kaufman SM, Themelis NJ (2009) Using a direct method to characterize and measure flows of municipal solid waste in the United States. J Air Waste Manage Assoc 59:1386–1390.  https://doi.org/10.3155/1047-3289.59.12.1386. ISSN:1047-3289; Copyright 2009 Air & Waste Management Association, Earth Engineering Center, Columbia University, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    European Environment Agency (2007) Chapter 6: Sustainable consumption and production. In: State of the environment report no 1/2007. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg. http://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/state_of_environment_report_2007_1Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Sigg F, Halter R, Chromec P (2010) DyNOR® DeNOx performance confirmed in further MSW plants, NAWTEC18-3504. In: Proceedings of the 18th annual North American waste-to-energy conference, Orlando. Copyright 2010 by ASMEGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Directive 2000/76/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 December 2000 on the Incineration of Waste, 28.12.2000. Off J Eur Communities L 332/91Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    US Electronic Code of Federal Regulations (Title 40, Part 60, Subpart Eb) current as of 29 July 2010Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Reimann DO (2004–2007) Results of specific data for energy, R1 plant efficiency factor and net calorific value (NCV) of 231 European WtE plants. In: CEWEP Energy Report II (Status 2004–2007). http://www.cewep.eu/studies/climate-protection/index.html
  8. 8.
    Frey R, Koller F, Steiner M, Strobel R, Waldner MH (n.d.) Hitachi Zosen Inova Technical SpecificationsGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Chromec
    • 1
  • Seda Sevaioglu Macher
    • 1
  • Craig Kedrowski
    • 2
  1. 1.Hitachi Zosen Inova AGZurichSwitzerland
  2. 2.NorcrossUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • A. C. (Thanos) Bourtsalas
    • 1
  • Nickolas J. Themelis
    • 2
  1. 1.Earth Engineering Center, Columbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Earth and Environmental EngineeringColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA