Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

Crop Responses to Nitrogen

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-2493-6_385-3


A prerequisite for the analysis of crop responses to nitrogen (N) is the determination of the plant nitrogen content and repartition. How much N is incorporated within plants and crops? Within which plant tissue? For which physiological function? Thus, according to the answers to these questions, it is possible to determine a critical plant nitrogen status as the minimum plant N concentration that allows the maximum plant (or crop) growth rate. It has been demonstrated that this critical plant N concentration decreases as plant grows as the result of an ontogenetic plant architecture development leading to a dilution of Ncompounds within increasing proportion of free-N compounds as plant gets bigger. This N dilution process can be formulated through a negative power relationship between plant N concentration and crop mass. This critical N dilution curve allows the discrimination of situations of N deficiency (below the curve) and situations of N luxury consumption (above...


Leaf Area Index Tall Fescue Uptake Capacity Supply Condition Leaf Area Ratio 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.INRALusignanFrance