Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

Crop Development Related to Temperature and Photoperiod

  • Gregory S. McMaster
  • Marc Moragues
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-2493-6_384-3

Glossary

Base temperature

Lower temperature threshold below which development ceases.

Epigenetics

Genetic information other than DNA sequence information.

Phenology

Study of the sequence of developmental stages of a plant and how it relates to climate.

Photoperiod sensitivity

Requirement for a minimum (or maximum) day length for reproductive phase induction.

Phyllochron

Rate of appearance of leaves on a shoot.

Phytomer

Fundamental building block of plant canopies. A vegetative phytomer is comprised of leaf, node, internode, and axillary bud.

Prophyll

A plant structure resembling a leaf (as a bracteole) or consisting of a modified or rudimentary leaf (as a foliar primordium).

Shoot apex

The tip of the shoot where usually there is meristematic tissue producing new organs.

Thermal time

Temperature response curve used to estimate development rate.

Vernalization sensitivity

Requirement for a period of low temperatures for reproductive induction.

Definition of the Subject

Plant development,...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.USDA-ARS, Water Management and Systems Research UnitFort CollinsUSA
  2. 2.Colorado State UniversityFort CollinsUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Roxana Savin
    • 1
  • Gustavo Slafer
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Crop and Forest Sciences and AGROTECNIO, (Center for Research in Agrotechnology)University of LleidaLleidaSpain
  2. 2.Department of Crop and Forest SciencesUniversity of LleidaLleidaSpain