Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

Biogas for Energy Provision from Agricultural Feedstock, Hi-Tech Applications

  • Frank Scholwin
  • Michael Nelles
  • Johan Grope
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-2493-6_251-3



is a gas produced during anaerobic microbiological breakdown of organic substances. The main constituents are methane and carbon dioxide.

Biogas cleaning

is a technical process adapting the biogas quality to a required gas quality defined by the subsequent usage. That includes mainly the reduction of trace gases (H2S, NH3, water vapor, and others). Biogas cleaning does not focus on the removal of carbon dioxide from the biogas.

Biogas upgrading

is the process of removing the carbon dioxide from the raw (eventually pre-cleaned) biogas in order to raise the methane content and therefore the heating value as well as the combustion characteristics of the gas. After biogas has been upgraded, it is usually named biomethane.


is called the biogas, which has been upgraded by removing carbon dioxide and other impurities. Methane contents of biomethane are typically between 95% and 99% and therefore much higher in comparison to the one of biogas. Usually biomethane (if...


Biogas Production Biogas Plant Vehicle Fuel Biogas Production Rate Biomethane Production 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.German Biomass Research CentreLeipzigGermany
  2. 2.Department Waste ManagementUniversity of RostockRostockGermany
  3. 3.Institute for Biogas, Waste Management & EnergyWeimarGermany