Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

Nuclear Reactor Materials and Fuels

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-2493-6_23-3

Definition of the Subject

Nuclear reactor materials and fuels can be classified into six categories:
  • Nuclear fuel materials

  • Nuclear clad materials

  • Nuclear coolant materials

  • Nuclear poison materials

  • Nuclear moderator materials

  • Nuclear structural materials

The materials unique to nuclear reactors are the nuclear fuel materials. All the other materials are used in other applications. Because nuclear fuel materials are radioactive, they require specialized handling. Additionally, because of the connection of nuclear energy with the atom bomb, security in its tightest form is required for nuclear fuel.

Introduction to Nuclear Reactor Materials and Fuels

The first nuclear reactor was the famous “Chicago Pile” (CP-1) which was built under the west stands of Stagg Field at the University of Chicago on a squash court and went critical on December 2, 1942. The first nuclear materials were uranium in both a metal and an oxide form as the fuel, carbon in a graphite as the moderator, atmospheric...


Fuel Assembly Uranium Dioxide Guide Tube Pressurize Water Reactor Fuel Pellet 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory for Development of Advanced Nuclear Fuels and MaterialsUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA