Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

Agroecological Basis for Managing Biotic Constraints

  • Claudio M. Ghersa
  • M. Alejandra Martínez-Ghersa
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-2493-6_196-3

Glossary

Abiotic factor

A non-living component of the environment, such as soil, nutrients, light, fire, or moisture.

Adaptation

(1) Any aspect of an organism or its parts that is of value in allowing the organism to withstand the conditions of the environment. (2) The evolutionary process by which a species’ genome and phenotypic characteristics change over time in response to changes in the environment.

Agroecology

The science of applying ecological concepts and principles to the design and management of sustainable agroecosystems.

Agroecosystem

An agricultural system understood as an ecosystem.

Agroforestry

The practice of including trees in crop- or animal-production agroecosystems.

Allelopathy

An interference interaction in which a plant releases into the environment a compound that inhibits or stimulates the growth or development of other plants.

Beneficial insects – arthropods

Beneficial insects are predators, parasites, or competitors of insect pests, helping to regulate pest...

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© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claudio M. Ghersa
    • 1
  • M. Alejandra Martínez-Ghersa
    • 1
  1. 1.IFEVA, Facultad de Agronomía, Universidad de Buenos Aires, CONICET.Buenos AiresArgentina

Section editors and affiliations

  • Roxana Savin
    • 1
  • Gustavo Slafer
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Crop and Forest Sciences and AGROTECNIO, (Center for Research in Agrotechnology)University of LleidaLleidaSpain
  2. 2.Department of Crop and Forest SciencesUniversity of LleidaLleidaSpain