Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

Coal and Peat: Global Resources and Future Supply

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-2493-6_161-3



Anthracite is the highest rank of coal because it has undergone the greatest degree of metamorphosis away from peat. It features low volatile matter (<10%) and high carbon, giving it the highest energy content of all coals. Semianthracite is somewhere in the middle between low volatile bituminous coal and anthracite.


Inorganic residues remaining after combustion. It is less than the initial mineral matter content because of chemical changes during combustion, i.e., the loss of water, carbon dioxide, and sulfurous compounds.

Bituminous coal

Bituminous coal lies between subbituminous coal and semianthracite in terms of rank. This rank of coal is commonly divided into additional subgroups dependent upon the content of volatile material.

Calorific value

Corresponds to the amount of heat per unit mass when combusted. Can be expressed as gross calorific value, which is the amount of heat liberated during combustion under standardized conditions at constant volume so...


United States Geological Survey Bituminous Coal Coal Production Future Production Coal Resource 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Earth SciencesUppsala UniversityUppsalaSweden