Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

PEM Fuel Cell Materials: Costs, Performance and Durability

  • A. de Frank Bruijn
  • Gaby J. M. Janssen
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-2493-6_152-3


Bipolar plate

Forms the connection between MEAs in a fuel cell stack. The bipolar plate includes the gas flow channels and may also include cooling channels. Bipolar plates are also called flow plates.


The gradual loss of performance. Irreversible degradation is due to change of materials properties. Reversible degradation can be caused by non-optimal operating conditions. Quantitatively, the degradation can be expressed as a voltage decay rate.


The capability of the fuel cell to operate in the operating window with limited loss of performance.


The number of hours that a fuel cell can be operated in the operating window with a pre-defined performance loss relative to the initial performance.


Membrane electrode assembly is the result of joining two electrodes and the electrolytic membrane together. Usually, the gas diffusion media are considered to be part of the MEA.

Operating window

The range of conditions in which the PEMFC can be stably...

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Books and Reviews

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Energy Research Centre of the NetherlandsGroningenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Energy and Sustainability Research Institute GroningenUniversity of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Energy Research Centre of the NetherlandsPettenThe Netherlands