Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

Bioethanol from Starch: The US Experience

  • Dale A. Monceaux
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-2493-6_1035-1

Glossary

Acetaldehyde:

Intermediate metabolite in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae ethanol pathway with the chemical composition CH3CHO.

Alpha-amylase:

A protein-based enzyme that hydrolyzes or breaks down the structure of long-chain polysaccharides yielding shorter-chain molecules.

Anhydrous:

A substance that is free of water.

Atmospheric distillation:

The separation of components by selective boiling and condensation using a process operating at or near atmospheric pressure.

Azeotrope:

A mixture of two or more liquids whose proportions cannot be changed by simple distillation.

Azeotropic distillation:

A distillation process in which a third liquid entrainer is used to produce a new, lower boiling point azeotrope effectively breaking the original azeotrope.

C4 stream:

A petroleum refinery stream high in butanes (four-carbon hydrocarbons).

Clean-in-place (CIP):

A method for cleaning the inside of pipes, vessels, and process equipments without disassembly using heat, water, and dilute...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.AdvanceBio, LLCMilfordUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Martin Kaltschmitt
    • 1
  1. 1.Hamburg University of TechnologyInstitute of Environmental Technology and Energy EconomicsHamburgGermany