Depressive and Bipolar Disorders

  • E. Robert Schwartz
  • Heidi H. Allespach
  • Samir Sabbag
  • Ushimbra Buford
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Depressive and bipolar disorders are medical conditions which are often first diagnosed and treated in primary care settings [1, 2]. Hence, family physicians are in a frontline position to provide optimal care for patients who suffer from these disorders. This chapter will provide succinct and practical information on the diagnosis and most effective pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatments of these disorders in a primary care setting. Newer therapies, such as deep brain stimulation and special populations, will also be discussed.


Mood disorders , such as major depressive disorder, persistent depressive disorder (PDD; formerly dysthymic disorder), and bipolar disorders are quite common [ 3]. The lifetime prevalence of having any type of mood disorder is 20 %. In 2012, it was estimated that 10.4 million adults aged 18 or older in the USA had at least one major depressive episode resulting in severe impairment in the past year. This represented 4.5 % of all US adults...


Bipolar Disorder Depressive Disorder Deep Brain Stimulation Major Depressive Disorder Major Depressive Episode 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Robert Schwartz
    • 1
  • Heidi H. Allespach
    • 1
  • Samir Sabbag
    • 2
  • Ushimbra Buford
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Family Medicine and Community HealthUniversity of Miami Miller School of MedicineMiamiUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesUniversity of Miami Miller School of MedicineMiamiUSA

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