Depressive and Bipolar Disorders
Depressive and bipolar disorders are medical conditions which are often first diagnosed and treated in primary care settings [1, 2]. Hence, family physicians are in a frontline position to provide optimal care for patients who suffer from these disorders. This chapter will provide succinct and practical information on the diagnosis and most effective pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatments of these disorders in a primary care setting. Newer therapies, such as deep brain stimulation and special populations, will also be discussed.
KeywordsDepression Lithium Carbamazepine Fluoxetine Risperidone
- 1.Culpepper L. The diagnosis and treatment of bipolar disorder: decision-making in primary care. Prim Care Companion CNS Disord. 2014; 16(3): PCC.13r01609. Published online 19 June 2014.Google Scholar
- 4.American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. 5th ed. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association. 2013Google Scholar
- 8.Pies RW. WHIPLASHED: a mnemonic for recognizing bipolar depression. Psychiatric Times. 2007; http://www.psychiatrictimes.com/bipolar-disorder/whiplashed-mnemonic-recognizing-bipolar-depression/page/0/1.
- 13.Schulz P, Arora G. Depression. Continuum (Minneap Minn). 2015;21(3 Behavioral Neurology and Neuropsychiatry):756–71.Google Scholar
- 16.Stahl SM. Stahl’s essential psychopharmacology: the Prescriber’s Guide. New York: Cambridge University Press; 2014.Google Scholar
- 18.Ketter TA, Wang PW. Handbook of diagnosis and treatment of bipolar disorder. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing; 2010.Google Scholar
- 21.Connolly KR, Thase ME. The clinical management of bipolar disorder: a review of evidence-based guidelines. Prim Care Companion CNS Disord. 2011; 13(4): PCC.10r01097.Google Scholar
- 24.Pomm HA, Pomm RM. Management of the addicted patient in primary care. New York: Springer Publishing; 2007.Google Scholar
- 26.Cleary DR, Ozpinar A, Raslan AM, Ko AL. Deep brain stimulation for psychiatric disorders: where we are now. Neurosurg Focus. 2015;38(6).Google Scholar
- 27.Vitiello B. Developmental aspects of pediatric psychopharmacology. In: McVoy M, Findling R, editors. Clinical manual of child and adolescent psychopharmacology. 2nd ed. 2013. p. 4–6.Google Scholar