Encyclopedia of Database Systems

Living Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Crash Recovery

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4899-7993-3_88-2

Synonyms

Definition

In contrast to transaction aborts, a crash is typically a major failure by which the state of the current database is lost or parts of storage media are unrecoverable (destroyed). Based on log data from a stable log, also called temporary log file, and the inconsistent and/or outdated state of the permanent database, system recovery has to reconstruct the most recent transaction-consistent database state. To limit the amount of redo steps after a crash, some form of periodic checkpointing is mandatory. Nevertheless, DBMS restart may take too long to be masked for the user; hence, a denial of service may be observed. Recovery from media failures relies on the availability of (several) backup or archive copies of earlier DB states – organized according to the generation principle – and archive logs (often duplexed) covering the processing intervals from the points...

Keywords

Data Page Commit Transaction Dirty Data Crash Recovery Forward Recovery 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of KaiserslauternKaiserslauternGermany