Electronic Health Record
An electronic health record (EHR) is a standard-based machine-processable information entity consisting of health data pertaining to an individual. It is a result of an exhaustive aggregation of personal health data, which is longitudinal, cross-institutional and multi-modal.
The term “medical record” usually refers to any recording/documentation of medical care or services given to a patient. The use of computerized patient records within healthcare enterprises is already a common and well-appreciated practice that has started about four decades ago . It facilitates the documentation process required for medico-legal reasons and administrative procedures . It also increases the availability of clinical data at the point of care which includes medical history, lab results, diagnostic imaging and so forth. The availability of such data at the point of care could...
- 2.Britze TH. The Danish National e-health portal – increasing quality of treatment and patient life. Technol Health Care. 2005;13(5):366–7.Google Scholar
- 3.Coiera EW. Lessons from the NHS National Programme for IT. Med J Aust. 2007;186(1):3–4.Google Scholar
- 4.Davis RL, Khoury MJ. The journey to personalized medicine. Perinat Med. 2005;2(1):1–4.Google Scholar
- 7.Electronic Health Record System (EHR-S). Functional requirements standard. Available at: http://www.hl7.org/EHR/. Accessed 28 Oct 2008.
- 8.Giere W. Electronic patient information – pioneers and muchMore. A vision, lessons learned, and challenges. Methods Inf Med. 2004;43(5):543–52.Google Scholar
- 10.Hollerbach A, Brandner R, Bess A, Schmucker R, Bergh B. Electronically signed documents in health care – analysis and assessment of data formats and transformation. Methods Inf Med. 2005;44(4):520–7.Google Scholar
- 11.ISO/TC 215 technical report. Electronic health record definition, scope, and context. Second draft; August 2003.Google Scholar
- 12.Kalra D. Electronic health record standards. In: IMIA Yearbook of Medical Informatics 2006, Haux R, Kulikowski C (eds.). Methods Inf Med. 2006;45:S136–44.Google Scholar
- 13.Shabo A. The implications of electronic health records for personalized medicine. Perinat Med. 2005;2(3):251–8.Google Scholar
- 14.Shabo A. A global socio-economic-medico-legal model for the sustainability of longitudinal electronic health records. Methods Inf Med. 2006;45(3 Pt 1):240–5, Methods Inf Med. 45(5 Pt 2):498–505.Google Scholar
- 15.XDS – cross-enterprise document sharing. Developed by the IHE (Integrating the Healthcare Enterprise) IT Infrastructure Committees. Available at: http://www.ihe.net/IT_infra/committees/index.cfm