Encyclopedia of Metagenomics

2015 Edition
| Editors: Karen E. Nelson

Plasmid Capture from Metagenomes

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4899-7478-5_344

Definitions

Metagenome: The collective genomes of all members of a bacterial community.

Mobile metagenome: The total pool of mobile genetic elements associated with a bacterial community.

Mobile genetic element (MGE): A discrete genetic unit capable of mediating its own transfer between distinct DNA molecules and/or between distinct host cells of the same or different species. Plasmids, transposons, insertion sequences, conjugative transposons, integrons, and bacteriophage are all examples of MGE.

Plasmid: Closed circular DNA molecule that replicates within host cells as an autonomous extrachromosomal element.

Plasmidome: Plasmid fraction of the mobile metagenome. May be defined as the total pool of plasmids associated with a microbial community and a component of the mobile metagenome as a whole.

Horizontal gene transfer:Transfer and acquisition of genetic material between distinct cells or species, outside of and in addition to the normal process of inheritance (vertical gene...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Biomedical and Health Science ResearchUniversity of Brighton, School of Pharmacy and Biomolecular SciencesBrightonUK