Encyclopedia of Metagenomics

2015 Edition
| Editors: Sarah K. Highlander, Francisco Rodriguez-Valera, Bryan A. White

Complex Indoor Communities: Bacterial Life Under Extreme Conditions in Clean Rooms and Intensive Care Units

  • Lisa Oberauner
  • Alexander Mahnert
  • Anastasia Bragina
  • Gabriele Berg
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4899-7475-4_322

Synonyms

Microbiome of built environments

Definition

Indoor microbiomes are communities of microorganisms that inhabit the interior of built environments and are influenced by complex abiotic (e.g., climate, geographic location, building architecture, and maintenance) and biotic factors (human and animals/pets dynamics, greenery status, etc.).

Introduction to Indoor Microbiomes

Although microbes have often been recognized as pathogens, it is now well established that the majority of host-bacterial interactions are symbiotic (Blaser 2011). This partnership is based on molecular signaling to mediate beneficial outcomes for both microbes and their hosts. This relationship between microbial diversity and host health was shown not only for plants and soils but also for animals and humans (Keesing et al. 2010). Despite the fact that the majority of our lifetime is spent in indoor environments such as the home, workplace, or public buildings (Fig. 1, Table 1), our knowledge of microbial...
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lisa Oberauner
    • 1
    • 2
  • Alexander Mahnert
    • 2
  • Anastasia Bragina
    • 2
  • Gabriele Berg
    • 2
  1. 1.Austrian Centre of Industrial Biotechnology (ACIB GmbH)GrazAustria
  2. 2.Institute of Environmental Biotechnology, Graz University of TechnologyGrazAustria