Encyclopedia of Metagenomics

2015 Edition
| Editors: Sarah K. Highlander, Francisco Rodriguez-Valera, Bryan A. White

Terrestrial Vertebrate Animal Metagenomics, Non-domesticated Primates, Simians

  • Carl J. Yeoman
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4899-7475-4_24

Synonyms

Apes; Catarrhines; New-world monkeys; Old-world monkeys; Platyrrhines; Primates

Definitions

Hominid – Delineates humans (Homo), chimpanzees (Pan), gorillas (Gorilla), and orangutans (Pongo) from other primate species.

Hominin – Delineates humans (Homo) and chimpanzees (Pan) from other primate species.

Metagenome – All the genetic material present within a biome. Although this can include all DNA and RNA of viral, microbial, and macrobial life-forms, the term is synonymous in the literature with microbial DNA and will refer specifically to that within this entry unless specifically stated.

Microbiota – The microbial community within a defined system.

Introduction

Simians are “higher” primates, including all taxa that evolved in the primate order after prosimians (lemurs, bush babies, and tarsiers). Primates as a whole comprise a large and diverse lineage that over time has given rise to no less than 268 genera based on fossil records. Although the majority of primates that have...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Rumen/Gastrointestinal Microbiology, Montana State UniversityBozemanUSA