- 201 Downloads
This chapter describes family-based HIV prevention interventions and research on their efficacy. Both domestic and international interventions are discussed.
Risky sexual behaviors that can lead to HIV infection are influenced both by the characteristics of an individual and the characteristics of their interpersonal, social, and cultural environment. The recognition of these layers of influence has prompted the development of multilevel and structural approaches to HIV prevention that go beyond targeting only the individual. For adolescents, the family can be a particularly significant external system of influence, characterized primarily by parent-adolescent relationships and interactions (Bastien et al. 2011; DeVore and Ginsburg 2005). Research has shown consistent links between parenting behaviors and characteristics and adolescents’ sexual risk taking (DeVore and Ginsburg 2005; Kincaid et al. 2012).
The definitions of “families” and “parents” are quite broad and...
KeywordsFamily-based Interventions Sexual Risk Behavior Adolescent Mental Health Project Parent-adolescent Communication Sharing Material Resources
- Donenberg GR, Brown LK, Hadley W, Kapuungu C, Lescano CM, DiClemente RJ. Family-based HIV-prevention for adolescents with psychiatric disorders. In: Pequegnat W, Bell CC, editors. Family and HIV/AIDS: cultural and contextual issues in prevention and treatment. New York: Springer; 2012.Google Scholar
- Han CK, Ssewamala FM, Wang JS. Family economic empowerment and mental health among AIDS-affected children living in AIDS-impacted communities: evidence from a randomised evaluation in southwestern Uganda. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2013;67(3):225–30. doi:10.1136/jech-2012-201601.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Jemmott LS, Outlaw FH, Jemmott JB, Brown EJ, Howard M, Hopkins B. Strengthening the bond: the mother and son health promotion project. In: Pequegnat W, Szapocznik J, editors. Inside families: the role of families in preventing and adapting to HIV/AIDS. Bethesda: Sage; 2000. p. 133–51.Google Scholar
- Murry VM, Berkel C, Chen YF, Brody GH, Gibbons FX, Gerrard M. Intervention induced changes on parenting practices, youth self-pride and sexual norms to reduce HIV-related behaviors among rural African American youths. J Youth Adolesc. 2011;40(9):1147–63. doi:10.1007/s10964-011-9642-x.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Pequegnat W, Bell CC, editors. Family and HIV/AIDS: cultural and contextual issues in prevention and treatment. New York: Springer; 2012.Google Scholar