This chapter describes family-based HIV prevention interventions and research on their efficacy. Both domestic and international interventions are discussed.
Risky sexual behaviors that can lead to HIV infection are influenced both by the characteristics of an individual and the characteristics of their interpersonal, social, and cultural environment. The recognition of these layers of influence has prompted the development of multilevel and structural approaches to HIV prevention that go beyond targeting only the individual. For adolescents, the family can be a particularly significant external system of influence, characterized primarily by parent-adolescent relationships and interactions (Bastien et al. 2011; DeVore and Ginsburg 2005). Research has shown consistent links between parenting behaviors and characteristics and adolescents’ sexual risk taking (DeVore and Ginsburg 2005; Kincaid et al. 2012).
The definitions of “families” and “parents” are quite broad and...
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