Salmonellosis and Other Bacterial Enteric Infections and HIV
Enteritis by definition is inflammation of the intestinal wall; this inflammation could be small intestine or large intestine or both. Inflammation may be infectious or noninfectious in origin. Among infectious etiologies, bacterial organisms are most commonly associated with acute infectious enteritis. In this entry enteric bacterial infections in persons living with HIV are discussed as they have been an important cause of morbidity and mortality in this vulnerable population. The rates of gram-negative bacterial infections are at least tenfold higher in persons living with HIV than in the general population. The risk of symptomatic disease varies according to the immune status (as measured by CD4 count) of the host. The greatest risk is in individuals with CD4 count less than 200 cells/mm3. In this entry we aim to provide a concise review of the enteric bacterial pathogens that play a very important role in causing enteritis in the HIV patient population. The first,...
KeywordsClostridium Difficile Infection Clostridium Difficile Typhoid Fever Mycotic Aneurysm Diarrheal Illness
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