Encyclopedia of AIDS

Living Edition
| Editors: Thomas J. Hope, Douglas Richman, Mario Stevenson

HIV-1 Transmission Blocking Microbicides

  • Carolina Herrera
  • Robin Shattock
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-9610-6_144-1


Current available methods to prevent HIV infection, including condoms, male circumcision, and behavioral interventions, appear insufficient to control the epidemic. This may in part reflect the limited number of options for at-risk groups. Microbicides offer an important alternative strategy for preventing HIV sexual transmission. An effective microbicide should be a safe, acceptable, and affordable product delivered topically as a gel, capsule, tablet, film, or intravaginal ring at the genital (vaginal, penile) and/or gastrointestinal (colorectal) mucosa to prevent, or at least significantly reduce, sexual transmission of HIV and possibly other sexually transmitted infections.


Microbicides were originally conceived as affordable, over-the-counter products, not requiring a prescription, that offered protection against a broad spectrum of sexually transmitted diseases. First-generation candidate products included surfactants to disrupt the viral membrane,...


Male Circumcision Viral Life Cycle Viral Replication Cycle Early Clinical Development CCR5 Inhibitor 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Section of Infectious Diseases, Division of MedicineImperial CollegeLondonUK