Encyclopedia of AIDS

Living Edition
| Editors: Thomas J. Hope, Douglas Richman, Mario Stevenson

HIV Prevention for MSM

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-9610-6_105-1


While globally the number of newly HIV-positive people continues to fall, this is not the case for men who have sex with men (MSM) (Beyrer et al. 2012; UNAIDS 2012), who continue to be severely affected. HIV prevalence estimates among MSM range from 3 % in the Middle East to over 30 % in the Caribbean (UNAIDS Caribbean Regional Support Team 2010). In nearly every country for which information is available, the odds of contracting HIV are higher among MSM than among men in general, sometimes by more than 30 times. This is the case even in most countries in sub-Saharan Africa – a region that was long believed to have an exclusively heterosexual epidemic. Studies suggest that HIV prevalence continues to rise among MSM for specific subgroups or in some geographical areas. In the USA, for instance, it is estimated that new HIV infections in this population have increased by 8 % per year since 2001. This dire situation can be understood as a consequence of a variety of factors,...


Unprotected Anal Intercourse Sexual Compulsivity Receptive Unprotected Anal Intercourse Insertive Unprotected Anal Intercourse Syndemic Theory 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Global Forum on MSM and HIV (MSMGF)OaklandUSA
  2. 2.HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral StudiesNew York State Psychiatric Institute and Columbia UniversityNew YorkUSA