Lineament Grid

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-9213-9_482-1

Definition

Global pattern of preferentially oriented lineaments on the surface of a planetary body. Lineaments whose orientation is influenced locally by another surface feature (e.g., an impact basin) or was created by exogenic processes are not considered to be parts of the lineament grid.

Synonyms

Regional Terms

Lunar grid (Moon), lineament grid (Mercury) (Dzurisin 1978), Mercurian grid (Thomas et al. 1988).

Description

Linear, arcuate, sinuous, or irregular scarps (steep, cliff-like slopes of considerable lateral extent separating terrains lying at different levels), ridges (elongated positive relief features), or troughs (elongated negative relief features).

Formation

A global (or regional) lineament grid pattern can be the result of global (or regional) strain in the crust. Global strain can arise from the following events:
  1. (1)

    Change in rotation rate (Vening Meinesz 1947), for example, despinning caused by tidal dissipation (tidal...

Keywords

Titania Mercury 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Konkoly Observatory of the Hungarian Academy of SciencesBudapestHungary