Aeolian Deposits

  • Henrik Hargitai
  • Ákos Kereszturi
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-9213-9_457-1

Definition

Wind-blown deposits on planetary surfaces, may be unconsolidated (loose) or indurated (cemented, lithified).

Subtypes

Description

Wind-transported and deposited particulate material on planetary surfaces that may form structures with varied morphology, including sand sheets, ripples and dunes, (aeolian sand deposit). Aeolian deposits in ice-cemented structures may form Polar Layered Deposits on Mars.

Grain Size

In the geological sciences, dust is defined as particles with diameters smaller than 62.5 μm. Sand is defined as particles (regardless of composition) in the range of 62.5–2,000 μm.

In the atmospheric sciences, dust is usually defined as the material that can be readily suspended by wind, whereas sand is rarely suspended and is predominantly transported by saltation (Kok et al. 2012).

Mean grain size of sand on Earth is 160–330 μm. Grain size on Mars is estimated between 60 and 600 μm depending on author,...

Keywords

Sand Transport Aeolian Deposit Dune Field Planetary Surface Sand Sheet 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Planetary Science Research Group, Institute of Geography and Earth SciencesEötvös Loránd UniversityBudapestHungary
  2. 2.Konkoly Thege Miklos Astronomical InstituteResearch Center for Astronomy and Earth SciencesBudapestHungary