Protobasin

  • David M. H. Baker
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-9213-9_427-1

Definition

Complex craters (or “basins”) which exhibit a rim crest and both an interior central peak and internal ring of massifs (peak ring) (Baker et al. 2011a).

Category

A transitional type between complex craters and Peak-ring structure.

Synonyms

Description

A protobasin is a transitional impact structure type between central peak crater and peak-ring basin, exhibiting characteristic features of both. It possesses both a central peak and an interior ring of peaks. Both of these features are generally smaller in diameter and have less topographic relief than either central peaks in complex craters and peak rings in peak-ring basins (Pike 1988).

Morphometry

Observed minimum/maximum diameters in the inner solar system are 137/170 km (Moon), 75/172 km (Mercury), 64/153 (Mars), and 53/70 km (Venus) (Baker et al. 2011b). Ring/rim crest ratios range from 0.33 to 0.44 on Mercury (Baker et al. 2011b).

Formation

A relative reduction in central peak volume...

Keywords

Solar System Peak Ring Central Peak Internal Ring Central Ring 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

  1. Baker DMH, Head JW, Fassett CI, Kadish SJ, Smith DE, Zuber MT, Neumann GA (2011a) The transition from complex crater to peak-ring basin on the Moon: new observations from the Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter (LOLA) instrument. Icarus 214:377–393CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Baker DMH, Head JW, Schon SC, Ernst CM, Prockter LM, Murchie SL, Denevi BW, Solomon SC, Strom RG (2011b) The transition from complex crater to peak-ring basin on Mercury: new observations from MESSENGER flyby data and constraints on basin formation models. Planet Space Sci 59(15):1932–1948. doi:10.1016/j.pss.2011.05.010CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Hale W, Grieve R (1982) Volumetric analysis of complex Lunar craters: implications for basin ring formation. J Geophys Res 87(S1):A65–A76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Pike RJ (1982) Crater peaks to basin rings: the transition on Mercury and other bodies. NASA Tech Memo, NASA TM-85127, pp 117–119Google Scholar
  5. Pike RJ (1983) Large craters or small basins on the Moon. Lunar Planet Sci Conf XIV:610–611, HoustonGoogle Scholar
  6. Pike RJ (1988) Geomorphology of impact craters on Mercury. In: Vilas F, Chapman CR, Matthews MS (eds) Mercury. University Arizona Press, Tucson, pp 165–273Google Scholar
  7. Wood CA, Tam W (1993) Morphologic classes of impact basins on Venus. Lunar Planet Sci Conf XXIV:1535–1536, HoustonGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geological SciencesBrown UniversityProvidenceUSA