Sinuous Ridge

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-9213-9_350-1

Definition

Elongate, positive-relief landforms that have a planform with multiple curves.

Morphometry

Sinuous ridges vary in their length, width, height, cross-sectional shape, degree of sinuosity, and other detailed characteristics depending on the formation mechanism. They can be up to several kilometers wide, hundreds of meters in height, and hundreds of kilometers in length (e.g., Lucchitta et al. 1986; Parker et al. 1986; Ruff and Greeley 1990; Pain et al. 2007; Burr et al. 2009).

Subtypes

  1. (1)

    By ridge pattern in plan view: low sinuosity to meandering ridges.

     
  2. (2)

    By network pattern: isolated, subparallel, branched (including dendritic, tributary, and/or distributary networks, Fig. 1), random. Some ridges form ridge complexes described as shallow moat–ridge–fan assemblages (Kite 2012) (Fig. 2a).

     
  3. (3)

    By ridge morphology: cross-sectional shapes are flat (floodplain with scrollbar topography), rounded, thin, wispy (short, narrow, occurring in groups), and multilevel. Multilevel...

Keywords

Lava Flow Sand Dune Glacial Drift Ridge Pattern Wrinkle Ridge 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Banks
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jarmo Korteniemi
    • 3
  • Henrik Hargitai
    • 4
  1. 1.Center for Earth and Planetary StudiesSmithsonian Institution, National Air and Space MuseumWashingtonUSA
  2. 2.Planetary Science InstituteTucsonUSA
  3. 3.Earth and Space Physics, Department of PhysicsUniversity of OuluOuluFinland
  4. 4.Planetary Science Research GroupEötvös Loránd University, Institute of Geography and Earth SciencesBudapestHungary