Mons, Montes

  • Henrik HargitaiEmail author
Living reference work entry

A descriptor term used in the Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature.


Mountain (IAU Gazetteer 2014).

Previous Definitions

High massif(s), generally forming arcuate ranges (Wilhelms 1987, p. 3); mons (sing.): mountain; montes (plur.): mountain range or group of peaks (Andersson and Whitaker 1982, p. 9); mountains. A large topographic prominence or chain of elevations (de Vaucouleurs et al. 1975); mountain-like chains and isolated peaks (Sadler 1962).

Origin of Term

Mountain, Latin.

History of Nomenclature

Introduced by van Langren (1645). Not used by Riccioli and Grimaldi (1651). Latin terms reintroduced in 1961 (Sadler 1962).

See Also


  1. Andersson LE, Whitaker EA (1982) NASA catalogue of lunar nomenclature. NASA Reference Publication 1097, Tucson, ArizonaGoogle Scholar
  2. de Vaucouleurs G, Blunck J, Davies M, Dollfus A, Koval IK, Kuiper GP, Masursky H, Miyamoto S, Moroz VI, Sagan C, Smith B (1975) The new Martian nomenclature of the International Astronomical Union. Icarus 26(1):85–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. IAU Gazetteer (2014) Gazetter of planetary nomenclature. International Astronomical Union Working Group for Planetary System Nomenclature.
  4. Riccioli GB, Grimaldi FM (1651) Almagestum novum. Victorii Benatii, BolognaGoogle Scholar
  5. Sadler DH (ed) (1962) Commission Pour L’etude Physique des Planetes et des Satellites In: Proceedings of the eleventh general assembly (Berkeley, 1961) Transactions of the IAU: Volume XIB. Academic, LondonGoogle Scholar
  6. van Langren MF (1645) Plenilunii lumina Austriaca Philippica. Brussel, Copper engravingGoogle Scholar
  7. Wilhelms DE (1987) The geologic history of the moon. USGS Professional paper 1348. p 11Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Planetary Science Research GroupEötvös Loránd University, Institute of Geography and Earth SciencesBudapestHungary