Lacustrine Features (Mars)

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-9213-9_212-1

Definition

Sites of putative long-standing bodies of water on Mars.

Synonyms

Description

Flat regions in commonly breached closed or open depressions or topographic lows.

Morphometry

Open-basin lake area ranges between ∼2 and ∼500,000 km2 (Fassett and Head 2008).

Subtypes

Subtypes of lacustrine features in relation to associated observable valley(s):
  1. (1)
    Open-basin lake (Cabrol and Grin 1999): possible lake where outlet is observed. Water must have ponded to the “level of the surface adjacent to the outlet valley head before breaching and overflowing the basin, requiring a period of sustained fluvial activity on the surface of Mars” (Fassett and Head 2008; Goudge et al. 2012).
    1. (1.1)

      A basin where both inlet and outlet valley are observed, i.e., located along a drainage course, is described as intra-valley basin (De Hon 1992; Fig. 1).

       
    2. (1.2)

      A basin at the head of a valley is a valley-head basin (De Hon 1992).

       
     
  2. (2)

    Closed-basin lake (Cabrol and...

Keywords

Clay Hydrated Depression Zeolite Titan 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Konkoly Thege Miklos Astronomical InstituteResearch Center for Astronomy and Earth SciencesBudapestHungary
  2. 2.Department of GeographyTexas State UniversitySan MarcosUSA