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Herringbone Pattern

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Definition

The herringbone pattern is a V-shaped ridge lying between two adjacent secondary craters.

Synonyms

Herringbone ejecta; Herringbone ridge; V features; V structures

Description

The lunar herringbone pattern is a group of V-shaped ridges that radiate from the point of overlap from adjacent secondary craters (Figs. 1 and 2). The points of the Vs point to the parent (primary) crater (Oberbeck and Morrison 1973). Many V-shaped ridges are isolated features, but where they form close together, they produce a fish-skeleton appearance, giving rise to the name “herringbone” pattern (Guest and Murray 1971; Melosh 1989). They are particularly well developed in lunar secondary crater chains where they form nests of Vs (Oberbeck and Morrison 1973; Guest and Murray 1971). This morphology is sometimes described as a pattern that resembles the imprint of a bird’s foot (Masursky et al. 1978). The majority of V features occur near the edge of the ejecta blanket, corresponding to the zone of...

Keywords

  • Impact Crater
  • Crater Formation
  • Terrain Unit
  • Herringbone Pattern
  • Secondary Crater

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Fig. 1
Fig. 2

References

  • Guest JE, Murray JB (1971) A large scale surface pattern associated with the ejecta blanket and rays of Copernicus. Moon 3:326–336

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  • Masursky H, Colton GW, El-Baz F (1978) Apollo over the Moon. A view from orbit. NASA Scientific and Technical Information Office, Washington, DC

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  • Melosh HJ (1989) Impact cratering: a geologic process. Oxford University Press, New York

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  • O’Keefe JA, Cameron WS, Masursky H (1969) Hypersonic gas flow in analysis of Apollo 8 photography and visual observations. NASA SP-201:30–32

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  • Oberbeck VR, Morrison RH (1973) On the formation of the lunar herringbone pattern. In: Proceedings of the fourth Lunar science conference. Pergamon Press, New York, pp 107–123

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  • Oberbeck VR, Morrison RH (1974) Laboratory simulation of the Herringbone pattern associated with Lunar secondary crater chains. The Moon 9(3–4):415–455

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Correspondence to Nadine G. Barlow .

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© 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York

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Barlow, N.G. (2014). Herringbone Pattern. In: Encyclopedia of Planetary Landforms. Springer, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-9213-9_186-1

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-9213-9_186-1

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  • Online ISBN: 978-1-4614-9213-9

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