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Herringbone Pattern

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The herringbone pattern is a V-shaped ridge lying between two adjacent secondary craters.


Herringbone ejecta; Herringbone ridge; V features; V structures


The lunar herringbone pattern is a group of V-shaped ridges that radiate from the point of overlap from adjacent secondary craters (Figs. 1 and 2). The points of the Vs point to the parent (primary) crater (Oberbeck and Morrison 1973). Many V-shaped ridges are isolated features, but where they form close together, they produce a fish-skeleton appearance, giving rise to the name “herringbone” pattern (Guest and Murray 1971; Melosh 1989). They are particularly well developed in lunar secondary crater chains where they form nests of Vs (Oberbeck and Morrison 1973; Guest and Murray 1971). This morphology is sometimes described as a pattern that resembles the imprint of a bird’s foot (Masursky et al. 1978). The majority of V features occur near the edge of the ejecta blanket, corresponding to the zone of...


  • Impact Crater
  • Crater Formation
  • Terrain Unit
  • Herringbone Pattern
  • Secondary Crater

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Fig. 2


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  • Oberbeck VR, Morrison RH (1974) Laboratory simulation of the Herringbone pattern associated with Lunar secondary crater chains. The Moon 9(3–4):415–455

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Correspondence to Nadine G. Barlow .

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© 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York

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Barlow, N.G. (2014). Herringbone Pattern. In: Encyclopedia of Planetary Landforms. Springer, New York, NY.

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