Dome (Volcanic)

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Round-shaped elevations consisting of volcanic material (Fink and Anderson 2000).


A type of volcano


In volcanology, “geomorphological result of congelation of accumulated silicic melt of high viscosity” (Ágústsdóttir et al. 2010).

Subtypes of Volcanic Domes

  1. (1)
  2. (2)

    Nonmare dome (Moon)

  3. (3)
  4. (4)
  5. (5)
  6. (6)
  7. (7)

    Volcanic domes on the floors of some lunar craters (prominent example, Capuanus), morphologically similar to mare domes (Lena et al. 2013)

  8. (8)
  9. (9)
  10. (10)

    Tholus (Mars) (domical volcano)



Lunar mare domestypically display diameters in between about 5 and 25 km, average flank slopes (measured from the dome center to its rim) in between some tenths of a degree and (in rare cases) more than 3°, low heights of some tens of meters to at most a few hundred meters, and edifice volumes...


Dome Formation Flank Surface Dacitic Lava Lunar Crater Central Dome 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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  1. Ágústsdóttir Þ, Gudmundsson MT, Einarsson P (2010) A gravity study of silicic domes in the Krafla area, North Iceland. Jökull 60:135–148Google Scholar
  2. Besse S, Sunshine JM, Pieters CM, Petro NE, Staid M, Deepak D, Head JW, Isaacson PJ, M3 Team (2010) New observations of the Marius Hills Complex from Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3). Lunar Planet Sci Conf, abstract #1361, HoustonGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Image Analysis GroupTU Dortmund UniversityDortmundGermany
  2. 2.Planetary Science Research GroupEötvös Loránd University, Institute of Geography and Earth SciencesBudapestHungary