Dune Apron

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-9213-9_124-2


Thin marginal sand deposit around a sand dune.



Apron is a general term that refers to any sand deposit on the margins of a dune or dune field (Fig. 1). In individual barchanoid dunes, the apron is usually located just beyond the base of the slip face and often merges with sandy interdunes (Nielson and Kocurek 1987). In larger dune fields, the apron can be present as a sandy deposit around the exterior, which can either feather out into the surrounding terrain or be limited by fluvial features (Norris and Norris 1961; Nielson and Kocurek 1987). They are sometimes called extradune: area marginal to dune field which contains sediments of the same age and source as the dunes (Glenn 1979). Where the apron appears to form a base for a complex dune, it is also synonymous with plinth (Lancaster 1989). On Mars, large complex dunes and smaller individual dunes can be fully or partially surrounded by a dark,...


Sand Dune Wind Erosion Dune Field Sand Sheet High Southern Latitude 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Buckler WR (1979) Dune type inventory and barrier dune classification study of Michigan’s Lake Michigan shore. Geological survey division report of investigation 23, Michigan Department of Environmental QualityGoogle Scholar
  2. Fenton LK, Hayward RK (2010) Southern high latitude dune fields on Mars: morphology, aeolian inactivity, and climate change. Geomorphology 121:98–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Glenn M (ed) (1979) Glossary. In: McKee ED (ed). US Geol Surv Prof Pap 1052:399–407Google Scholar
  4. Hansen CJ et al (2011) Seasonal erosion and restoration of Mars’ northern polar dunes. Science 331(6):575. doi:10.1126/science.1197636CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Horgan B, Bell JF III (2012) Seasonally active slipface avalanches in the north polar sand sea of Mars: evidence for a wind-related origin. Geophys Res Lett 39(9):09201. doi:10.1029/2012GL051329Google Scholar
  6. Lancaster N (1989) Star dunes. Prog Phys Geogr 13:67–91. doi:10.1177/030913338901300105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Nielson J, Kocurek G (1987) Surface processes, deposits, and development of star dunes: Dumont dune field, California. Geol Soc Am Bull 99:177–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Norris RM, Norris KS (1961) Algodones dunes of Southeastern California. Geol Soc Am Bull 72:605–620CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary SciencesPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA