Encyclopedia of Medical Immunology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Ian R. Mackay, Noel R. Rose, Dennis K. Ledford, Richard F. Lockey

Tracheobronchomalacia and Hyperdynamic Airway Collapse

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-9194-1_504

Synonyms

Bronchomalacia; Excessive dynamic airway collapse; Hyperdynamic airway collapse; Tracheobronchomalacia; Tracheomalacia

Definition

Tracheobronchomalacia and hyperdynamic airway collapse refer to the loss of the structural integrity of the airway walls. It may or may not result in symptoms of dyspnea on exertion, a nonproductive cough, or wheezing.

Introduction

Tracheobronchomalacia (TBM) and hyperdynamic airway collapse (HDAC) can be debilitating diseases associated with decreased functional capacities and a poor quality of life. The diverse etiologies associated with TBM and HDAC can obscure and delay an accurate diagnosis for years (Carden et al. 2005). A thorough medical history is important to understanding the possible etiologies as well as guiding the diagnostic testing. The medical history may also suggest what treatments may be most beneficial. This review will exclude the discussion of pediatric TBM as it is fundamentally different and is largely comprised of...

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Lung Associates of SarasotaSarasotaUSA
  2. 2.Interventional Pulmonology Program Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep MedicineNational Jewish Health and University of ColoradoDenverUSA