Tracheobronchomalacia and Hyperdynamic Airway Collapse
Bronchomalacia; Excessive dynamic airway collapse; Hyperdynamic airway collapse; Tracheobronchomalacia; Tracheomalacia
Tracheobronchomalacia and hyperdynamic airway collapse refer to the loss of the structural integrity of the airway walls. It may or may not result in symptoms of dyspnea on exertion, a nonproductive cough, or wheezing.
Tracheobronchomalacia (TBM) and hyperdynamic airway collapse (HDAC) can be debilitating diseases associated with decreased functional capacities and a poor quality of life. The diverse etiologies associated with TBM and HDAC can obscure and delay an accurate diagnosis for years (Carden et al. 2005). A thorough medical history is important to understanding the possible etiologies as well as guiding the diagnostic testing. The medical history may also suggest what treatments may be most beneficial. This review will exclude the discussion of pediatric TBM as it is fundamentally different and is largely comprised of...