Encyclopedia of Medical Immunology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Ian R. Mackay, Noel R. Rose, Dennis K. Ledford, Richard F. Lockey

Hairdressers’ Occupational Skin Disease

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-9194-1_467


Hairdressers are exposed to multiple allergens and irritants such as ingredients in hair colors, permanent wave, and bleaching products (Table 1). Moreover, the profession comes along with a great amount of wet work. Therefore, hairdressing is one of the occupations with the highest incidence of occupational skin diseases (OSD) leading to a high frequency of worker disability (Frosch and Rustemeyer 2000; Sosted 2011; van der Walle 2000). The annual prevalence of hand eczema among hairdressers is around 13–22 %, but underreporting is common. Many hairdressers develop OSD very early in their career, frequently already during apprenticeship (Valks et al. 2005). Up to 40–50 % of hairdressers leave the profession, which is mainly linked to OSD (Lysdal et al. 2011). A history of atopic dermatitis is the greatest endogenous risk factor for the development of OSD in hairdressers (Leino et al. 1998; van der Walle 2000).
Hairdressers’ Occupational Skin Disease, Table 1


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Dermatology, Health Theory and Environmental Medicine, Institute for Interdisciplinary Dermatological Prevention and Rehabilitation (iDerm)University of OsnabrückOsnabrückGermany