Hairdressers’ Occupational Skin Disease
Reference work entry
Hairdressers are exposed to multiple allergens and irritants such as ingredients in hair colors, permanent wave, and bleaching products (Table 1). Moreover, the profession comes along with a great amount of wet work. Therefore, hairdressing is one of the occupations with the highest incidence of occupational skin diseases (OSD) leading to a high frequency of worker disability (Frosch and Rustemeyer 2000; Sosted 2011; van der Walle 2000). The annual prevalence of hand eczema among hairdressers is around 13–22 %, but underreporting is common. Many hairdressers develop OSD very early in their career, frequently already during apprenticeship (Valks et al. 2005). Up to 40–50 % of hairdressers leave the profession, which is mainly linked to OSD (Lysdal et al. 2011). A history of atopic dermatitis is the greatest endogenous risk factor for the development of OSD in hairdressers (Leino et al. 1998; van der Walle 2000).
Hairdressers’ Occupational Skin Disease, Table 1
- Frosch PJ, Rustemeyer T. Hairdressers’ eczema. In: Menne T, Maibach HI, editors. Hand eczema. Boca Raton: CRC Press; 2000. p. 195–207.Google Scholar
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