Encyclopedia of Medical Immunology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Ian R. Mackay, Noel R. Rose, Dennis K. Ledford, Richard F. Lockey

Herbal Remedies

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-9194-1_250


Botanical medicine; Complementary alternative medicine; Herbal supplements; Natural medicine


Herbal medicine, a branch of complementary alternative medicine (CAM), is sold without a prescription to promote and support overall health. The documented use of herbal therapy dates back to over 5,000 years ago. By the Middle Ages, over 1,000 plants were cataloged for their medicinal purposes (NCCAM 2008). In 2007, the CDC National Health Statistics Report estimated approximately 17.7 % of the US population utilizes herbal medicine. The most common were fish oil, glucosamine, and Echinacea (NCCAM 2008). Approximately 35.9 million Americans suffer from seasonal/perennial allergies (Nathan et al. 1997). It is important for consumers and healthcare practitioners alike to understand herbal products are not regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), as their safety and efficacy have not been thoroughly evaluated. This entry will review herbal medications commonly...

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pharmacotherapeutics and Clinical ResearchUniversity of South Florida, College of PharmacyTampaUSA
  2. 2.Division of Allergy & ImmunologyUniversity of South Florida College of MedicineTampaUSA