Encyclopedia of Medical Immunology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Ian R. Mackay, Noel R. Rose, Dennis K. Ledford, Richard F. Lockey

Honeybee Allergy

  • Michael S. Tankersley
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-9194-1_226


Apis mellifera


As the primary pollinators in the world, bees have global significance. Honeybee (Apis mellifera) hives can be found in either the hives of beekeepers or in the case of feral (wild) honeybees in tree hollows, fallen logs, or buildings. Much has been made over the last few decades of Africanized honeybees which consist of hybrids from interbreeding of domestic honeybees and African honeybees from South America. Africanized honeybees are more aggressive species than domestic honeybees and may attack in swarms (Alaux et al. 2009). Though not pathognomonic for honeybees, upon stinging the honeybee typically leaves its barbed stinger and attached venom sac at the sting site. A sting was originally thought to deliver approximately 50 mcg of honeybee venom though subsequent evaluation has shown this to be variable.

Honeybee Entomology

The honeybee (Apis mellifera) includes the European honeybee (subspecies A. mellifera ligustica) and the African honeybee...

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Allergy and Immunology Division, Department of MedicineWilford Hall Medical CenterSan AntonioUSA