Encyclopedia of Malaria

Living Edition
| Editors: Peter G. Kremsner, Sanjeev Krishna

Diagnostic Tools of Malaria During Pregnancy

  • Alfredo Mayor
  • Steven R. Meshnick
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8757-9_68-1

Synonyms

Definitions

Malaria during pregnancy is associated with maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality through maternal anemia, low birth weight (LBW), and premature delivery. Thus, diagnostic, treatment, and prevention of malaria during pregnancy is a public health priority, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa.

Pregnant women are highly susceptible to malaria. They are most commonly infected with Plasmodium falciparum, especially in Africa, but P. vivax infections are of great importance to pregnant women in both Latin America and Asia. In this chapter, we will discuss the various options for diagnosing malaria during pregnancy.

Pregnancy poses specific challenges for the diagnosis of malaria, as P. falciparum parasites may be present in the placenta yet absent or not detectable in peripheral blood (Uneke 2008). This phenomenon is due to the accumulation of infected erythrocytes in the intervillous spaces of the...

Keywords

Malaria Infection Vivax Infection Placental Malaria Soluble Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor Malaria RDTs 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ISGlobal, Barcelona Ctr. Int. Health Res. (CRESIB)Hospital Clínic - Universitat de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Centro De Investigação Em Saúde Da Manhiça (CISM)MaputoMozambique
  3. 3.Department of EpidemiologyUniversity of North Carolina Gillings School of Global Public HealthChapel HillUSA